tyre labeling law changes
as from the 1 november 2012, tyre manufacturers trading in the european union have been required to label their tyres to provide more information for consumers regarding safety, fuel efficiency and noise. the label is a grading system through which manufacturers of tyres for cars, vans, and heavy trucks must specify:
the tyre label uses a classification from a (highest performing) to g (lowest performing). information must be available in technical promotional literature (leaflets, brochures, etc.), including manufacturer websites. this has to be done for every new tyre within scope of the regulation sold on the eu market.
the information on the label is aimed at ensuring consumers can make a more informed choice when buying tyres fore their vehicles.
the national measurement and regulation office (nmro) has worked with the department for transport (dft) to ensure compliance.
The new regulation requires the following information to be communicated to consumers:
vehicle fuel efficiency associated to the tyre's rolling resistance
the tyre's external noise level (expressed in decibels); not any tyre noise heard inside the vehicle
where applicable, the impact on vehicle safety associated to the tyre's wet grip, provided for:
passenger car tyres (C1 tyres)
light commercial vehicles (vans - C2 tyres)
heavy vehicles (trucks, buses - C3 tyres)
Tyres not included in the regulation
The tyre labelling regulation does not cover:
professional off-road tyres
temporary-use spare tyres
tyres used only for racing
tyres whose speed rating is less than 80 km/h
tyres to be fitted only on vehicles registered for the first time before 1 October 1990
tyres whose nominal diameter is smaller than 254 mm or bigger than 635 mm
The three parties that have obligations to ensure consumers are properly informed are as follows:
1. Tyre suppliers (manufacturers or importers in the EU) must:
either put a sticker on the tyre tread or a label on each delivery of tyres to the dealer and end-user for passenger (car) and light commercial vehicle tyres.
provide technical literature (leaflets, brochures, etc), including the manufacturer website for passenger, light commercial vehicles, and truck/bus tyres.
2. Tyre distributors must:
ensure that at the point of sale tyres have the sticker or have a label for the end user to see before buying the tyre.
give the information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip (where applicable) and external noise during the purchase process if the tyres offered for sale are not visible to the end-user (for passenger and light commercial vehicles tyres).
give information on or with the bill (for passenger car, light commercial vehicles and truck/bus tyres).
3. Vehicle suppliers and distributors must:
provide end-users with information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip (where applicable) and external noise of the tyre that are offered before the sale of the vehicle.
Fuel consumption is related to the rolling resistance. By reducing rolling resistance, the vehicle consumes less fuel.
The fuel efficiency/rolling resistance section of the tyre label is calculated by the scale specified in annex one to the regulation and measured in accordance with annex 6 of Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) regulation No 117 and its subsequent amendments. This is detailed in commission regulation (EU) No 1235/2011 amending regulation (EC) No 1222/2009.
Wet grip is one of the most important safety characteristics of a tyre. Tyres with very good wet grip have a shorter braking distance when it rains.
The legislation governing passenger car tyres (C1) is calculated by EC regulation (EU) No 228/2011 and amending the regulation (EC) No 1222.2009. The legislation governing vans (C2) and trucks, buses (C3) is calculated by EC regulation (EU) No 1235/2011 amending the regulation (EC) No 1222/2009 (with reference to ISO15222 standard).
The external noise generated by the tyre is expressed in waves: one black wave is the lowest noise level and three the highest.
Noise tests are undertaken in accordance with UNECE Regulation No 117 (same as EU Directive 92/23/EEC).
The EU labelling scheme for tyres is based on self-declaration by manufacturers or importers.
Member States must apply the market surveillance provisions included in the relevant national legislation. They are obliged to survey the market, which includes compliance checks of the various provisions of the tyre labelling regulation.
National authorities also have to check the conformity of the declared classes on the label of tyres (for fuel efficiency, wet grip and rolling noise) and of the measured values.